Vadi-i leman Hotel ADIYAMAN

HİSTORY OF ADIYAMAN

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  • History of Adiyaman
  • Adiyaman, is one of the oldest settlements in the history . The construction site in the Cave of Adiyaman city in the examination of the history of BC It is understood that dates back to 40,000 years .
  • Again Samsat'ta - date findings in the hill Şehremuz BC Paleolithic until 7.OOO , M. O. Neolithic up to the year 5000 BC BC until the year 3.OOO Chalcolithic 3.0OO Bronze Age period in - between the years of 1200 there has been understood that . During this period, the region changed hands between the Hittites and Mitanni , and with the collapse of the Hittite Empire (1200 BC ) began a dark period . BC 1.2OO in BC with the founding of the Phrygian State With regard to the period between 750 -year written source has been found . However ; region during this period , Assyria began to take effect , the Eskitaş Samsat'ta Assyrian priest in the village of seals and inscriptions written by the Hittite hieroglyphics , since hierarchies in Anatolia same continue in Adiyaman , shows . In this period, with the collapse of the Hittite Empire around Adiyaman and emerging Neo-Hittite city-states were ruled one of the Kummuh State .
  • BC 9OO - 70O exposed region between the years Assyrian , although Assyrians can not fully sovereign . From the beginning of the 6th century to the region and the region is dominated by Persian satrap (governors ) are managed by the hand . BC Macedonian King Alexander the Great in 334 BC the Persians into Anatolia lost control and BC Macedonians in the region in the 1st century and ruled Selev -kos . Selev -kos at the time of the weakening of the power , Kallinikos King Mithradetes l declared the independence of the Kingdom of Commagene ( 69 BC ) .
  • Capital Samosota ( Samsat'ta ] the Commagene Kingdom , sovereignty MS 72 continued until that date, the region of the Roman Empire passed into the hands and Adiyaman Roman Empire Syria (Syria ) to the State , 6th legion are connected . Roman Empire in 395 BC the Western and Eastern Roman as leave Adiyaman Eastern Roman Empire participated. 643 years the region since the Islamic invasion began , although Islamic rule 670 but the Umayyads in with was achieved . 758 in the year , II, Abbasid commander Mansur Ibn Cavene 's dominance enters . 926 years until the Abbasid rule last of the Hamdanüerin rule began . 958 years passed into the hands of the Byzantines in the region again .
  • Turkish raids into the region would be aged between 1114-1181 . Between the years 1204-1298 Samsat and the Anatolian Seljuks captured. In 1250 the Mongols attacked in 1230 and is experienced. District and region passed into the hands of the Mamluks in 1298 . In 1393 at this time Adiyaman plundered by Tamerlane .
  • During the Middle Ages was a great instability in Adiyaman , Byzantine, Umayyad, Abbasid, Anatolian Seljuks, and finally changed hands between Dulkadiroğullan Iran during the time of Sultan Selim has participated in the Ottoman Empire in 1516 . Adiyaman in Ottoman lands , originally the center of a Samsat'ta connected to the Sandzak Beylerbeyliğine Maras , Malatya is connected to an accident after the Tanzimat .
  • From the foundation of the Republic until 1954, the old administrative structure is preserved , which in Malatya, Adiyaman related accident on December 1, 1954 by Law No. 6418 separated from Malatya province has become detached .
  • Adiyaman Chronology
  • BC 40,000 BC - 7000 Palaeolithic
  • BC 7000 - BC 5000 Neolithic
  • BC 5000 - BC 3000 Chalcolithic
  • BC 3000 - BC 1200 Hittites
  • BC 1200 - BC 750 Assyrians
  • BC 750 - BC 600 Frig
  • BC 600 -BC. 334 Persians
  • BC 334 -BC. 69 Macedonians
  • BC 69- M.S. . 72 Kingdom of Commagene
  • 72-395 Roman Empire
  • 395-670 Eastern Roman (Byzantine )
  • 670-758 Umayyad
  • 758-926 Abbasids
  • 926-958 Hamdaniler
  • 958 -1114 Byzantines
  • 1114 -1204 Eyyubiler
  • 1204 -1298 Anatolian Seljuks
  • 1298 -1516 Memluklular
  • 1516 -1923 Ottoman Empire
  • Historical Development of Adiyaman
  • Adiyaman and around the archaeological excavations and surveys as a result of its history dates back to the Paleolithic period showed .
  • Foraging Hunting Period of mankind and give traces the cultural stage , the cradle of great civilizations Adiyaman, 100 years since the busy world of archaeologists has become a research area .
  • Local archaeological excavations in the Paleolithic ( 40,000), and Neolithic periods made ​​of flint hand axes, drills and excavators, obsidian arrowheads, pieces of terracotta ; Chalcolithic period containers and objects made ​​of terracotta , metal works belonging to the Early Bronze Age ; Iron Age and the Hellenistic stone and terracotta artifacts from the Roman era lamps, various pots, statues and stone artifacts, cubes and other ceramic types from the Byzantine period ; Gold jewelery from Abbasids , Seljuk and Ottoman periods belonging to the glazed ceramics, vases , glass works ; seals, rings and bracelets, many archaeological artifacts , such as human and animal figures , Adiyaman and reveals the historical wealth of the environment .
  • Adiyaman and environmental history of the area formerly known since wealth in the last hundred years by many domestic and foreign scholars has led to the investigation .
  • Old age Adiyaman
  • As the geographical position of the Southeastern Anatolia Region , in southern Mesopotamia, Iran in the east , north and eastern Anatolia and the Caucasus , located in the west central region of steppes of Central Anatolia is . Eastern and Southeastern Anatolia Region plateaus , said regions of thousands of years ago flashed the old civilization, a crossroads to the fact that throughout human history wife less common civilization has been the scene ( ERZAN , Afif : East and Southeast Anatolia History Anatolia and Urartions - Ankara 1984 s .7).
  • Eastern and Southeastern Anatolia region from prehistoric times to meet the needs of people living with all the facilities were located . Water resources, natural rock shelters, with meadows and forested areas rich in prey animals since ancient times most of the people in this region must be taken. East and Southeast Anatolia regions these favorable characteristics, hunting and gathering subsistence of its people has presented a very positive experience . This environment in the region has resulted in the sprouting of many civilizations . Ancient Settlements in Adiyaman region Paleolithic Settlements
  • Paleolithic culture has created . These people hunting for the cultural development was one of the most important stages in the first half . In the region of abundant game animals in human thought and social life has been one of the guiding factors . The construction site is located on the Adiyaman- Malatya highway from such a paleolithic period KAYAALTI SHELTER yerleşmesidir.adı Samsat our Şehra Yerleşmeleri Hill and the environment are the remains of the Paleolithic period again . The area also Kıraç Kung Hill, visiting sites such as Hill and Hill also has Kemşak .
  • Adiyaman region in the Neolithic, Chalcolithic and Early Bronze period, reflecting the beginning of settlement , today Samsat'ta remaining within the scope of the Ataturk Dam Pond ( Samosata Mound ) to come. It also was the capital of the kingdom of Kommegene . Likewise Another important area of ​​Tille Höyük is a mound .
  • Adiyaman, Hellenistic and Roman artifacts province has a reputation . This remains the most important Mulberry Village near Mount Nemrut is over 2206 m in height . Taurus Mountains region between the Euphrates River , in the Hellenistic and Roman periods is called Commagene .
  • BC Commagene I. One hundred years of the beginning of Seleucid rule during the civil war , which ended by Mithradates Kallinikos was established as an independent kingdom . Antiquity ' in the name , which Nymphaios on today Kahuna Coffee in the village located next to the old priest in the town of Arsameia , about the foundation of the ancient city have been found inscriptions . 3 miles southwest of this city which is a tributary of the river in Oracle Cendere Septimus Severus Bridge, according to the Latin inscription on the columns was built during the Roman era .
  • Antitorosların which is an extension of the 2206 m peaks of the mountain , and known by everyone in today tapınaksal Late Hellenistic Period burial monument , considered one of the world's most precious cultural assets have been . This monument and its surroundings in 1987 Nezir UNESCO " Cultural Heritage of Humanity " list taken by the Turkish Government in 1988 was declared a National Park .
  • Roman rock tombs are among the works . Adiyaman -Kah Eskitoz County ( Ancos) village east of the Euphrates valley slopes along the many tombs carved into limestone rock was found . However, they remained below the Atatürk Dam waters .
  • Adiyaman and Gaziantep region , especially in Southeast Anatolia Region established the first state in the Commagene ( M.Ö.69 - MS72 ) is the Kingdom. Parth'ların Seleucid domination in the region, Iran ( M.Ö.240 -85) is followed by domination . Parth Diyarbakir expanding the boundaries of the Euphrates until they get their hands on . However MS226 able to retain up to year ( OKTAY Aksit, " History of the Roman Empire " Istanbul 1985).
  • - In the Middle Ages Adiyaman
  • Adiyaman and the environment from the year 395 AD in the Eastern Roman Empire 's ( Byzantine Empire) under the sovereignty of the Islamic movement has been exposed.
  • Hz . During the caliphate of Umar ( 634-644 ) Adiyaman and the environment are passed into the hands of Muslim Arabs . To Abu Ubaidah , Khalid Bin Walid Bin Said Bin Abi Waqqas and Iyaz Ganm attended by such well-known result of the war commander in the Islamic year 638 participated in the lands of Islam in this region .
  • Adiyaman and the environment in a time limit between the Byzantine and Muslim becomes a subject of contention . In 670 the Umayyad commander Mansur Bin Cave Adıyaman captured. This is the commander of the first residential area in the city of Adiyaman Adiyaman Castle is built which today is rumor .
  • A.D. In 758 the Abbasid Caliph Abu Jafar Mansur is terminated by the Umayyad rule . Thus, Adiyaman and around the Abbasids become dominant.
  • A.D. In 1066 the Seljuk commander Gümüştekin, the city of Adiyaman ( Hisn- i Mansur -u ) and the environment are captured ; but because of domestic money is withdrawn. In 1082 following the Battle of Manzikert in 1071 Hins - Hallaj ( in Adiyaman ) , captured again and ended the Abbasid rule . Adiyaman under the reign of the Seljuks and the environment under the influence of the Crusades war temporarily change hands. Adiyaman and the environment under the control of the Ayyubid dynasty between 1114-1204 entered. In 1298 the Mongol invasions of Anatolian Seljuks suffers; experienced internal turmoil . This situation continued until 1339 . Adiyaman and its surroundings in 1339 , some time after the establishment of the Emirates Dulkadirogullari Dulkadirogullari 's sovereignty enters . 1398 ' conquered Ottoman Sultan Yildirim Beyazit if the Eastern Anatolia region is dominated withdrawn because of the danger of Timur . Results Adiyaman and the environment goes back into the hands Dulkadıroğulları'nın .
  • New Era in Adiyaman
  • In 1515 the ruler of the Ottoman Empire Sultan Selim , Iran on the return time putting an end to the sovereignty of the principality Dulkadiroğulları , Adiyaman and territories around the string . Thus, the Ottoman Empire would have started in Adiyaman .
  • Adiyaman and enter the environment after the Ottoman administration , the frontier ceases . As a result of this war , freed from the fear of raids and invasions , will attain peace and tranquility . Turkish tribes living in certain regions of the Ottoman administration to compel the settlement ( settlement) policy , because as in other parts of Anatolia in this region revolts occur from time to time ; but the rebellion was suppressed.
  • Adiyaman's Administrative History
  • Dulkadiroğullarından of the Ottoman Empire, the city of Adiyaman , Kahramanmaras ( Zülkadriye ) is located within the Province . In the early years (1519-1530) Samsat'ta connects to starboard . 1531 Elbistan then connects to starboard . In 1841, the county seat is the city of Adiyaman is seen . The city , the governor tasks on behalf of an officer who began to be ruled by a prefect seen . However , in historical documents "Governor " s was observed. Brought into the flag is linked to Diyarbakir in 1849 . From this date Besni , Oracle and Adiyaman Siverek also be seen that connects to starboard . This time in 1859 when the starboard Malatya , Adiyaman is converted back into town . This is the central province of Adiyaman officially continues until 01/12/1954 .
  • Adiyaman province has been concerned with the law . With the Law No. 6414 dated 22.06.1954 and in Kahler , Besni , Gerger and Steel Plant along with 16 sub-districts in the county is connected to Adiyaman . Later, Law No. 7035 on 01.04.1958 Gölbasi , Samsat'ta on 01/04/1960 , Law No. 1664 on 09.05.1990 on 09.05,1990 Tutor and in 1991 was converted into the town center Sincik . 8 are connected to the district center of Adiyaman today .

  • Vadi-i Leman Hotel ADIYAMAN

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